Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with various related varieties of apparel originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but in some cases also for lounging,[2] also by each sexes.[3] A lot more typically, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and product.

The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][6] The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Business rule in India.[7][eight]

The worldwide usage of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then generally known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they quickly fell out of fashion. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the 1st 50 percent in the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a vogue in Britain plus the Western globe as sleeping attire for guys until finally the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[nine]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This kind of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and many by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the practice like a superior a lot of Other people within the Portuguese. As a result Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 years in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was from time to time the case with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is actually as a result of White Ants."[ten]


Traditional pajamas include a jacket-and-pants blend made of smooth fabric, for example flannel or lightweight cotton.[11] The jacket element normally has a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs.[12] Lots of individuals opt to snooze or lounge in just the pajama pants, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama trousers for men and boys in many cases are sold as separates.

In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas are often referred to as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.

Some pajamas characteristic a fall seat (also referred to as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening within the seat, intended to enable the wearer Click here to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but inside the early 20-to start with century They're relatively scarce.

Up to date pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are lots of versions in type which include brief sleeve pajamas,[14] pajama bottoms[15] of various duration,[sixteen] or, on occasion, a single-piece pajamas,[17] and pajamas incorporating several products. Chiefly within the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Ordinarily worn by kids, these garments usually have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one particular-piece), and may be footed.

Whilst pajamas are usually distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments like nightgowns, inside the US, they've got often involved the latter to be a major. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a kind of short dress leading more than shorts or brief pants.[18]

Pajamas may these days make reference to Ladies's mixture daywear, especially in the US exactly where they became popular within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight trousers. Samples of these include things like capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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